Battery Types​

Battery Types

Lithium metal batteries

Lithium metal batteries are primary (non-rechargeable) batteries that have lithium metal or lithium compounds as an anode. Also included within lithium metal are lithium alloy batteries. Lithium metal batteries are generally used to power devices such as watches, calculators, cameras, temperature data loggers, car key fobs and defibrillators.

Lithium metal batteries are classified in Class 9 – Miscellaneous dangerous goods as:

  • UN 3090, Lithium metal batteries.

or, if inside a piece of equipment or packed separately with a piece of equipment to power that equipment as:

  • UN 3091, Lithium metal batteries contained in equipment; or
  • UN 3091, Lithium metal batteries packed with equipment.

Lithium-ion batteries

Lithium-ion batteries (Li-ion batteries) are a secondary (rechargeable) battery where the lithium is only present in an ionic form in the electrolyte. Also included within the category of lithium-ion batteries are lithium polymer batteries. Li-ion batteries are generally used to power devices such as mobile phones, laptops, tablets, power tools and e-bikes.

Lithium-ion batteries are classified in Class 9 – Miscellaneous dangerous goods as:

  • UN 3480, Lithium ion batteries

or, if inside a piece of equipment or packed separately with a piece of equipment to power that equipment as:

  • UN 3481, Lithium ion batteries contained in equipment; or
  • UN 3481, Lithium ion batteries packed with equipment.